The capital of Indonesia is located on the island of Java and before it was formerly called Batavia during the Dutch colonial period. In August 2019 the country announced to relocate the capital to Kalimantan on Borneo while Jakarta faces a lot of problems.
Jakarta is overpopulated with more than 10 million people. The capital is polluted, traffic-clogged, and prone to floods and earthquakes. What is more, Jakarta is slowly sinking into the sea.
Old town KOTA TUA JAKARTA
Old Batavia, the previous name of the capital, it’s a great reminder of the centuries of Indonesian history dominated by Europeans. When I walked around the small downtown, I got a feeling that I am in the village.
In the main square, you can find the Jakarta History Museum, Wayang Museum, and street artists. You can rent an old fashioned bicycle as well.
We visited the authentic Batavia Caffee where we enjoyed some tea and juice. The building was constructed in 1850 in the colonial style and the interior has been designed with this history in mind.
Near the main square we enjoyed the lunch. The place is called Kedai Seni Djakarte. From traditional Nasi Goreng to fresh fruit juices, it is great place to spent your lunch here with really affordable prices.
THE NATIONAL MONUMENT
Monas tower symbolizes the Indonesian independence in Merdeka square, which was declared in 1945. It is a really big square, more like a park, where people can walk, play football on the street and sit on the benches. It is a great view from the top of the National Library. You can also walk around the square and enjoy some fresh local food. We caught a local birthday celebration.
The National Library of Indonesia is a 24-story building right in front of the National Monument. From the year 2017, the Library is open to the public. Visitors can now take photos of the giant bookshelf in the lobby. And on top of the terrace, you can enjoy views all around. You can see the Istiqlal Mosque which was declared of being the largest mosque in Southeast Asia and has a capacity of 120,000 worshippers.
In the end, we visited the National Museum, an archeological, historical, ethnological, and geographical museum. “With four floors and different sections, there are 109,342 objects to see from Indonesia’s long history in cultural heritage from prehistoric days up to today”.
Wonderful Indonesia, 2020. URL: https://www.indonesia.travel/gb/en/destinations/java/dki-jakarta/national-museum