Surabaya is the second-largest city in Indonesia with over 10 million people. It lies in the eastern part of Java and it is a perfect stop on a long journey where you can learn more about the city and the country.
The taxi driver explained to us, while we passed the ZOO: »The name Surabaya comes from two ancient Sanskrit words, namely ‘sura’ which means whale and ‘baya’ which means crocodile«.
These two animals are said to represent the difference between war and peace and at the national monument, you will find two sculptures of the animals that are the national motif of the city. You will find these motives in other spots around the city.
SURABAYA SUBMARITINE MONUMENT
KRI Pasopati is a retired submarine of the Indonesian Navy. The museum is located by Kalimas river and near Grand City Mall. Pasopati was one of twelve vessels delivered to the Indonesian Navy in 1952. She was retired in 1994, disassembled, and moved to a spot near Plaza Surabaya and turned into a museum that opened in 1998.
GRAND CITY MALL
Indonesia is a heaven for all shopaholics. In Surabaya, you can see shopping centers all around the corners. So go and grab your favorite piece of cloth or souvenir from East Java.
THE HOUSE OF SAMPOERNA CIGARETTE FACTORY
Sampoerna is a well-known brand of cigarettes in Indonesia called kretek which is made from a blend of cloves. In the factory, you can learn the history of the brand including how the cigarettes are made and how cloves are said to have medicinal properties in Indonesia. Unfortunately, they moved the factory and workers from here to another part of the city, so you can not enjoy the production. On working days, more than 3200 people are working. Most of them are women. It is said that one worker can do up to 325 sticks per hour. Hand rolling! Now the building is a museum and coffee shop.
Do not forget to buy one, two,… for home. But it needs to be sealed. When you transport it home, enjoy the smoke of a famous Indonesian brand.
FUN FACT: “Before the factory, the Sampoerna s founder decided to make this large hall of theatre. It was built to contain the only rotating stage with a false floor in all Java, providing all special dramatic effects rarely at this time. Charlie Chaplin visited the theater when he was in Surabaya in 1932.”
The main tobacco-growing areas are the islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali, and Lombok, with over 250,000 hectares under cultivation.
What we have been surprised in a positive way, was Kampung Maspati.
“Kampung” means enclosure or village in the Indonesian language. We found this green area of streets “by accident” on the Internet. Walking through urban narrow streets with so many greens was absolutely highlight of the day. I love to explore green areas in the middle of city chaos. Kampung Maspati was announced for the best street of the year.
“It is all about the smart city helping the local community create a new approach that integrates the local potential aspects including local innovation strategies for the environment, people, living, and building heritage”.
»Attractiveness of natural conditions, lack of pollution, environmental protection, and sustainable resource management as key characteristics of Smart Environment – are all widely addressed and positively managed within the kampung grounds. Maspati has successfully improved the environment and recognized as one of the kampungs that received the achievement of Green and Clean Competition. The Green and Clean Competition is initiated by Surabaya Government supported by private sectors, local facilitators, and community, that promotes the cleanest and the most beautiful kampung in Surabaya.«
Source: From Smart Living into Smart City: A Lesson from Kampung of Surabaya. Arina Hayati, Kirami Bararatin, Adinda S.P.R Utami, Dewi Septanti, Happy Ratna Santosa, Gabriele Weichart, Mag. Karl Valent, 2017, Seoul.