Stonehenge is a place that sparks many questions. It is a mystery! How could prehistoric people did that, how they lived and what is the purpose of Stonehenge? Even though I watched a couple documentaries, I am still questioning myself the same.
Stonehenge is located in Salisbury, UK. You will step back 5.000 years to explore this wonder of the world.
The most famous is Stone Circle with Sarsen stones, small Bluestones and Horseshoe of sarsen trilithons in the middle. Around you can see Station Stone markers and a Slaughter Stone.
Facts about Stonehenge:
Small Bluestones travelled more than 200 km from South Wales to Wiltshire. Today you can find them inside the circle. Nobody knows how they were transferred to Stonehenge. The first theory is that they travelled partly by water, partly after dry. According to some other theory, the blue stones traveled through solid ice plates already during the Ice Age for thousands of years before. If the theory is true, the stones did not have to drag them farther.
The founders of Stonehenge had to do everything manually. First, they dug a hole so that the stone could slip into the hole. Then the boulders rose and the hole was filled with stones, chalk and earth, so it stood upright. It is not known how the builders have taken stones, but some say they helped themselves with the rope system and wooden scaffolding.
People lived here at the site long before Stonehenge was built. You can see their houses in front of the visitor center. The Neolithic house was made of tree trunks, immersed vertically into the ground or from branches covered with mud. The roof was made of wooden beams with a reed cover.
The largest stone, the Heel Stone, weighs about 30 tons. The biggest of Stonehenge’s stones, known as sarsens, are up to 9 meters tall and weigh 25 tons on average.
Stonehenge is connected with astrology. Giant pillars were not just used to mark the summer and winter solstice, but also to predict eclipses of the moon and the sun.
When you come to Stonehenge there is a big parking lot in front of the visitor center. In the centre you can visit the exhibition about Stonehenge, coffee shop, toilets and a souvenir shop. Neolithic houses show you how people live in Neolitic and some artists show you metal products and other products from that time.
You can neither walk (20 minutes) or take a shuttle bus to the Stone Circle (5 minutes). You can explore the rest of the landscape on foot to discover many other ancient monuments.
“There are just stones”, they said. But the truth is that it attracts more than million people per a year that come and see Stonehenge. The myths around Stonehenge make the UNESCO World Heritage Site popular and by my opinion worth a visit!
If you live in the UK and you are interested in historic sites, it is good to have an English Heritage Membership (unlimited access to over 400 historic sites). From fortified castles, to ruined abbeys and stately homes and gardens. It is 60 pounds per year.
P. S. Near Stonehenge is center of wellness and wellbeing in UK, BATH. A nice cute city worth to visit. The Roman Baths and Pump Room are the highlights of the visit.